Countries whose residents need the Schengen visaIndeed, to travel to Europe, the residents of many countries must obtain a visa. This concerns most countries in Africa and Asia such as Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia, Cameroon, Nigeria, Senegal, Congo, Egypt, Ethiopia, China, India, Vietnam, Thailand, Indonesia, the Philippines, but also Turkey, Russia, etc..
About the Schengen visaResidents of these countries need a short stay visa to visit Europe. It is called "Schengen" because it allows you to travel freely between the different member states of the Schengen area for maximum ninety days. The Schengen area includes all European Union countries plus Norway, Iceland and Switzerland. However, Great Britain, Ireland, Romania, Bulgaria and Cyprus are excluded.
Additional condition to get the visaSince December 2003, anyone wishing to obtain a Schengen visa must subscribe a medical insurance. If you wish to obtain a Schengen visa for France or for Belgium, for Switzerland... you should get insurance that offers certain coverage. No visa can be issued without it.
Useful information to get your visaYou need to make the visa application in person at the proper consulate (that is to say the consulate of the country you head for) in your country of residence. If you want to reapply for a visa, you will have to go back to your country.
The proper consulate is the one of the country where you stay the longest. If you stay in several countries and if you are not sure about which consulate you should get in touch with, the country where your plane landed is the one that will issue your visa.